Aircraft are a complex network of intertwining parts and connections functioning in tandem to give a vehicle the capability of flight. First conceptualized in the 1880s and having a first test run in 1903, continual trial and error has led to the modernization of many different types of aircraft. To better understand the primary inner and outer workings of an aircraft, we will go into detail what comprises the interior and exterior of all heavier-than-air aircraft and common differences that may set them apart.
Whether operating or working on a fixed-wing aircraft or rotorcraft, it is vitally important that any individual performing such tasks understands the five basic parts constructing all similar models. Relying on differing ways to produce upthrust and generate lift, heavier-than-air aircraft such as helicopters, commercial airliners, and other related aerodynes all utilize a fuselage, wings, cockpit, engine and/or propeller, and landing gear. Of these five parts, the fuselage serves as the body of the vehicle to which all other parts like the cockpit, wings, landing gear, and engine are affixed to. However, unlike fixed-wing aircraft that employ jet engines or propellers in the form of a turboprop or propofan, rotorcraft utilize rotary wings that can be tilted to impact direction.